The governance system of the University of Buea is based on concertation and devolution of management, with structures such as Council, Senate, Congregation and Committees on which staff and students are represented.
The Council, which is the supreme governing body of the University, is chaired by the Pro-Chancellor. The Senate, chaired by the Vice-Chancellor, deliberates principally on academic matters while the Congregation, which is an assembly of senior academic and administrative staff addresses issues concerning staff welfare and university management within its competence.
Out of the Central Administrative structure, UB has five faculties and one school, headed by Deans of Faculty and a Director of School respectively. These, and other heads of department within the Central Administration, constitute the Principal Officers of the University of Buea.